The Giro d’Italia, which was established in 1909 by the newspaper La Gazzetta dello Sport, makes up cycling’s prestigious three-week-long Grand Tours. The route changes each year, while the format of the race stays the same: 21 day-long stages over a 23-day period that includes 2 rest days.
The rider with the lowest aggregate time is the leader of the race and gets to wear the much coveted pink jersey. Day stages can be more than 200 km long. The Giro d’Italia is known for its steep and difficult climbs. The race traditionally passes through the Alps and the Dolomites. Italy has many road cycling aficionados, so the Giro is followed with much enthusiasm.